Growers of thirsty pot are under fire in drought-struck California
March 26, 2014
Bellingham Herald By Rob Hotakainen
WASHINGTON — In drought-hit California, marijuana growers are feeling the heat, accused of using too much water for their thirsty plants and of polluting streams and rivers with their pesticides and fertilizers.
State officials say a pot plant sucks up an average of 6 gallons of water per day, worsening a shortage caused by one of the biggest droughts on record. They say the situation is particularly acute along California’s North Coast, where the growing pressure to irrigate pot threatens salmon and other fish.
“This industry – and it is an industry – is completely unregulated,” said Scott Bauer, a fisheries biologist with the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. “What I just hope is that the watersheds don’t go up in smoke before we get things regulated and protect our fish and wildlife.”
California is also the most popular state for pot producers to grow crops in U.S. forests, accounting for 86 percent of the nearly 1 million plants federal officials seized in 2012.
“Those are lands that you and I own,” said Rep. Mike Thompson, a California Democrat. “And when people are growing dope there and guarding their operations with guns and the likes, and sometimes with booby traps, we can’t use the land that we own. It happens all over.”
The situation is a complicated one in California, which passed the nation’s first medical marijuana law in 1996, allowing people to possess and grow pot, even though the federal government still bans the drug.
Medical growers who tend their crops on private property object to getting lumped in with the illegal growers who are trespassing on federal lands.
Truckin': Salmon Take A Long, Strange Trip To The Pacific Ocean
March 26, 2014
OPB News, By Richard Gonzales
In California, severe drought has imperiled millions of juvenile salmon who now face waters too dry to let them make their usual spawning trip to the ocean. So state and federal officials have embarked on a drastic plan to save them – by letting them hitch a ride on tanker trucks.
Over the next two and a half months, some 30 million Chinook salmon will be trucked from five hatcheries in the state’s Central Valley to waters where they can make their way to the ocean.
The trucking experiment formally kicked off Tuesday, when some 400,000 smolt – juvenile salmon about 3 to 4 inches long — hitched a ride on climate-controlled tankers from the Coleman National hatchery near Red Bluff to the Sacramento River, in the delta town of Rio Vista. A roughly 100-foot-long pipe then funneled the fish from the truck into a series of floating holding pens in the water.
“If we don’t get any rain this year, the river may become too low, too slow and too clear,” Clarke says, “so that the fish would face too warm temperatures and too much predation.” The little guys wouldn’t make it, he says.
These are certainly extreme measures, says Stafford Lehr, the chief of fisheries for the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, but drought has left officials with little choice.
“We are not necessarily in favor of trucking 100 percent of our fish,” he says. “So we would prefer to find other means to release these [salmon], to improve their homing ability to get back to their natal streams.”
Officials worry that this hitch-hike for the fish will disrupt their ability to “imprint.” That refers to the process by which the fish learn the location of their home waters so that they can return there from the ocean in three or four years in order to spawn.
March 17, 2014
I walked the upper reach of Finley Creek from the limits of anadromy halfway to the confluence with Salmon Creek a few days after the epic 12.5" two-day event. With me was Doug Hooper, a former fisheries biologist. Turbidity limited visibility a bit, but we counted eight large (22-30+") steelhead and one coho—they all looked female. The coho had a bright pink tag on her upper left side by the dorsal fin, and her tail was mostly white. I haven't seen a redd and so didn't know what to look for, but Doug didn't see any either. Over the next couple weeks, I checked in on the fish nearest the trail down, and they all stayed put.
Mendocino part of a worthy coastal protection
March 16, 2014
A stretch of Mendocino coastline filled with wildflower meadows, steep bluffs and river estuary will join a national preserve running the length of California's 1,100-mile Pacific edge. The result caps a drive that will safeguard the land, rejuvenate tourism and overcome Washington's snarled conservation policies.
The land near Point Arena was once planned for a nuclear power plant 40 years ago, a notion that went nowhere when locals put up a fight. Now, after tireless work by environmental groups, lawmakers, residents and business people, the nearly universally popular plan will buy out property owners and put the acres in federal hands.
Instead of no-trespass signs and barbed wire, visitors will have a chance to hike and enjoy new vistas near an historic lighthouse dating back over a century. Tourism, the only game in town after logging faded, will get a boost. Wildlife habitat in the trees, dunes and watery mix of the Garcia River and the Pacific will be protected.
By using the power of his office, President Obama added the land to the offshore California Coastal National Monument. It will be the first onshore part of this federal network along the state's coastline launched in 2000.
One of the last pieces to fall in place is a cattle ranch run by the Stornetta family of local dairy fame. After three generations of ownership, the descendants agreed to sell, as did other property owners in a string of deals facilitated by the Trust for Public Land and the U.S. Bureau of Land Management.
Salmon outlook takes sharp turn for the better
March 15, 2014
By Tom Stienstra, SFGate
In just a few days last week, the outlook for salmon off the Bay Area coast upgraded from a doomsday scenario to a new dawn.
The reversal of fortune is in time for this year's California opener April 5, and the impact will be felt for years.
The biggest news is that 12 million juvenile salmon scheduled to be set free in the next month from Coleman National Fish Hatchery in Shasta County will instead be trucked to the bay and released in pulses from submerged net pens, according to a plan announced by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
The fish, about 6 inches long, faced an almost certain death if released from the hatchery into Battle Creek up north. In trying to swim 300 miles to the ocean, they would have had to pass a maze of pumps, water diversions, reverse flows in Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta channels, low flows, high water temperatures, poor water quality and high predation.
This is a great victory for the new Golden Gate Salmon Association and its executive director, John McManus, who led the crusade to get the fish trucked to the bay and had the support of the Fish and Wildlife Service and other agencies.
"This could add several hundred thousand adult fish to the ocean in three years, said Craig Stone, owner of Emeryville Sportfishing Center and a member of the Golden Gate Fishermen's Association. "Everybody feels good about this. We are swinging in the up direction now, absolutely."
To review salmon stocks and set preliminary seasons and policies, the Pacific Fisheries Management Council and its associates met for four days last week in Sacramento. It faced the realities of poor reservoir levels, low freshwater outflows through the bay this summer, news that rock barriers could be placed in the path of fish migrations to prevent saltwater intrusion at the delta pumps, and questions about ocean conditions and the endangered winter-run salmon.