Salmon at
The Nature Conservancy

The Salmon Initiative

The Nature Conservany's (TNC) Salmon Initiative aims to restore California Coho salmon and wild Chinook salmon and steelhead trout populations to sustainable and fishable abundance by incentivizing public and private investment in salmon habitat protection and restoration where there is the greatest potential to incears numbers of wild fish.

A Significant Environmental & Monitoring Challenge

In the absence of comprehensive monitoring of coastal California salmon and steelhead populations, their extent is relatively unkown to Californias.  Available coastal population data shows that despite having been the focus of restoration and recovery efforts over the past 30 years, wild salmon and trout  populations remain a fraction of their historical numbers. Furthermore, we lack the information needed to assess the impacts of restoration activities on fish numbers and ability to lean and improve future management and restoration efforts.  

Solutions for Restoration & Recovery

In California, the future of salmon conservation largely rests with timber companies, ranchers, and other private landowners. The majority of land abutting wild salmon streams is privately owned: even with government and non-profit allies, salmon will not be recovered without private partners. By both demonstrating innovative restoration strategies, and actively removing barriers to private inv, the Conservancy’s California Salmon Initiative is developing promising avenues for widespread restoration that have broad implications for recovery in the state and beyond.

Visit The Nature Conservancy website to learn more about our recent innovations and successes in California salmon recovery.


The Nature Conservancy is developing innovative planning tools to direct prioritized public and private investment in salmon recovery. The Nature Conservancy’s science team analyzed current Chinook, coho salmon, and steelhead trout population and habitat data across California to identify a portfolio of places we call the SalmonScape. View SalmonScape report.

SalmonScape identifies areas in California with the greatest potential for habitat restoration and protection, and where wild salmon also have the best chance of survival. Focusing resources in these priority watersheds will help maximize return on restoration and habitat protection investments. View SalmonScape map.