• California Salmon Snapshots

    Chinook salmon, coho salmon and steelhead annual population data provides a comprehensive summary of the state of California salmon. Learn more »

  • A Growing Problem

    Marijuana production can have significant negative collateral effects on the environment that are often unknown or overlooked. But recent efforts are spotlighting these impacts, as well as solutions. Learn more »

  • Voluntarily Exchanging Water

    Can we increase streamflow for fish and also irrigation water for people? Indeed we can. And voluntarily too in Mill Creek on the east side of the Sacramento Valley. Learn more »

  • Putting Trees Back Into Streams

    The first Coho HELP Act project by Trout Unlimited and partners in the Garcia River puts logs back into the streams to recreate natural conditions. Learn more »

  • Water for Salmon and People too

    The Shasta River Water Transaction Program paid for ranchers to keep water in the river rather than irrigate their pastures during this fall's Chinook spawning migration. Learn more »

  • Removing Barriers to Fish Migration

    This is not your usual fish passage project, says CalTrout's Darren Mierau, about the reconnection of Bridge Creek to the Eel River. Learn more »

  • Healthy Estuaries, Healthy Salmon

    Restoring the Mattole River estuary as a drought strategy to save salmon by The Mattole Salmon Group, Mattole Restoration Council and partners. Learn more »

Drought Impacts

California's drought is a wake-up call to solve our water problems. Learn about ongoing efforts to respond to to drought impacts. Read more »

How Many Salmon Return to Our California Streams?

October 20, 2015 - The most recent annual update for 2013-14 of spawning salmon is released today on the Salmon Snapshots website. We now present "The Big Picture" of California salmon status for the second time - 700,000 salmon and steelhead returned to monitored California rivers to spawn in 2013, up from 675,000 in 2012. 


The Nature Conservancy’s California Salmon Snapshots is a collaborative information-sharing effort, critical to the on-going recovery of the state's salmon species. This is the most comprehensive salmon information in California, combining the knowledge of the California Department of Fish & Wildlife, the National Marine Fisheries Service, and over 100 other conservation partners. These Salmon Snapshots will help guide state-wide salmon recovery to the places where we can have the greatest impact.

Why Salmon Matter?

Coho salmon, Chinook salmon and steelhead are iconic species of the Pacific. For at least 2 million years, salmon and steelhead have existed in coastal areas from Baja California through Alaska. They are an important part of our economy and cultural heritage. But throughout California and much of the Pacific Northwest, wild salmon are disappearing—as are the ecosystems, jobs and way of life that depend on them. State and Federal agencies, conservation groups, and others are taking emergency drought actions to protect our imperiled salmon.  The Nature Conservancy, and over 80 partners throughout California, are designing restoration actions to improve dire drought conditions for salmon and collaborating their information to help report on how salmon are fairing. 

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Goals of the Salmon Snapshots

The Salmon Snapshots website is intended to:

  • Target future restoration efforts on the places where salmon have the greatest chance to recover
  • Provide a clearinghouse for salmon population information
  • Highlight watershed restoration efforts
  • Encourage organizations to support monitoring

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